An Introduction To Paulís Letter to Titus
Pastor David L. Brown, Ph.D.
Sermon Delivered 10/23/05
- The Author: Paul the Apostle is the author. This is
clearly stated in verse 1 of the little epistle (letter). "Paul, a
servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus ChristÖ" No one disputes his
authorship of this little letter.
- The Recipient: Paul addresses his letter to Titus
(v.4). While Titus is not mentioned in the book of Acts, the
Apostle Paul mentions him 13 times in his epistles. The only reason I
point that out is to make you aware of the fact that the book of Acts does
not contain all the record of the Apostolic Church era.
- The Date Paul Wrote This Letter: Titus is one of
three Pastoral Epistles or letters that Paul wrote two young pastors. 1 &
2 Timothy are the other two Pastoral Epistles. While we donít know for
sure the date Paul wrote this letter to Titus, I think it was written
approximately a.d. 63-64, sometime after they left Timothy behind in
Ephesus & Paul and Titus traveled on to Crete. After a brief stay, Paul
left Titus behind to organize and help provide leadership for the Cretan
churches (see Titus 1:5) and then later he wrote this epistle and had it
delivered to Titus. We do not know for sure where Paul was when he wrote
this letter, however, it has been long believed that it was written in
Nicopolis which was to be the place Paul and Titus joined up again. The
Geneva Bible includes this note at the end of the book Ė " To Titus,
elect the first bishop of the Church of the Cretians, written from
Nicopolis in Macedonia."
- The Purpose of The Letter: The purpose of the
epistle to Titus was to instruct him in his church planting efforts in
Crete. Paul told him what he should do and teach in the Cretan churches.
Further, we know the broad purpose of Paulís letter because it is stated
in chapter 1, verse 5 Ė "For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest
set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain
elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:" Titus 1:5. In
other words, Paul is writing to Titus giving him Instructions on
Organizing & Supervising The Churchs he will be establishing in Crete.
- Some Things We Know About Titus
He was won to Christ through Paulís ministry Ė
He was a Greek Ė Galatians 2:3
He was one of Paulís closest and most trusted
companions. Paul called him his partner and fellow helper (2
Corinthians 8:23) and, his brother (2 Corinthians 2:13).
Paul took Barnabas and Titus with him to the Jerusalem, having been sent
by the church of Antioch to answer questions concerning converts among the
Gentiles (Galatians 2:1-10). It was while at the Jerusalem Council
that some Pharisees argued that Gentile converts should be circumcised (Acts
15:5). Peter disagreed (Acts 15:7-11). James announced the
decision of the Apostles was that "we trouble notÖGentiles [which] are
turned to God." (Acts 15:19-20)
Titus had also functioned as a faithful emissary to the troubled
church in Corinth (2 Corinthians 7:6-7; 8:6, 16).
Titus carried 2 Corinthians back for Paul (2 Corinthians 8:16-19).
Titus was Paulís helper and was left at Crete to organize churches
all over the Island (Titus 1:5) until Paul could send Tychicus or
Artemas to take over (Titus 3:12).
Titus was at Rome during Paulís second imprisonment, from whence he
traveled to Dalmatia (in what is today Coratia) on a mission for the
apostle (2 Timothy 4:10).